BEIJING, Jan.6(Reuters)- A forum to promote the development of the Yangtze economic belt was held in Chongqing on January 5,2016. General Secretary Xi Jinping pointed out at the meeting:\" at present and for quite a long time to come, it is necessary to put the restoration of the ecological environment of the Yangtze River in an overwhelming position, pay attention to the great protection together, and not engage in great development.\" pointed out the direction for the development of the Yangtze economic belt and delimited the course. What positive progress has the Yangtze economic belt made in ecological environment protection and restoration? How to grasp the dialectical relationship between \"protection\" and \"development\" and turn the challenge into an opportunity? On the occasion of the fourth anniversary of the forum on promoting the development of the yangtze economic belt, the people's net powerful country forum invited luo laijun, president of the institute for the study of the yangtze economic belt and professor of the school of economics at the people's university of china.
\"At present and for a very long time to come, it is necessary to put the restoration of the ecological environment of the Yangtze River in an overwhelming position, and pay close attention to great protection and not engage in major development. Looking back four years later, what is the significance of the adjustment from \"big development\" to \"big protection \"?
Luo Laijun: before clearly putting forward the idea of \"paying great attention to the protection together and not carrying out great development \", the development thinking of the great development of the Yangtze economic belt has promoted the rapid economic development, but there have also been certain negative phenomena. For example, extensive development has resulted in a serious waste of resources.The water consumption for industry and agriculture along the Yangtze River is huge, and the water consumption for industrial added value of 10,000 yuan is about twice the national average. At the same time, environmental problems cannot be ignored: only as far as the Yangtze River sewage, the Yangtze River receives the largest amount of waste water in the seven major river basins in the country; the Yangtze River economic belt 100 million mu of cultivated land,100 million mu of soil pollution in varying degrees.
From the adjustment of \"big development\" to \"big protection \", on the one hand, it has established rules for the development of the Yangtze economic belt, that is, it cannot engage in destructive development, and has established ecological red line and ban; on the other hand, development can only be green development. This kind of adjustment not only stopped the behavior of endangering the ecological environment, but also began to attach great importance to the protection and restoration of the ecological environment, which promoted the development of the high-end industry with environmental friendliness.
Luo Laijun: the requirement of \"grasping the big protection together and not carrying out the big development\" has achieved remarkable results in practice. The harmful behavior of ecological environment can be controlled, and the level of ecological construction is constantly improved. The sewage discharge from the Yangtze River is well controlled, and the water quality of many tributaries and sections of the main stream is obviously improved. Air pollution, soil pollution, garbage pollution and other phenomena have also been effectively controlled, greatly reducing the pollution behavior. The construction of forests, vegetation and wetlands has been strengthened, and the level of ecosystem in some places has begun to rise.
Green development momentum is good, economic competitiveness continues to improve. Some traditional industries have achieved better transformation and upgrading, while low-end industries with serious environmental pollution and low technical content have been eliminated or relocated. At the same time, ecological agriculture, strategic emerging industries, services and other clean economy presents a good development trend.
The reform of the system and mechanism has been improved, and the effectiveness of management coordination has been improved. Since the establishment of the leading group for the development of the Yangtze economic belt in 2014 by the CPC Central Committee, the unified management mechanism has been strengthened.The local leading group for the development of the Yangtze economic belt has been set up since 2015.On December 1,2016, the office meeting of the leading group for the development of the Yangtze economic belt and the first meeting of the inter-provincial consultation and cooperation mechanism were held in Beijing. To this day, cross-regional management coordination mechanisms are constantly improving.
Luo Laijun: For the cities along the Yangtze River that have taken the road of ecological protection and green development with heavy pollution industries as their pillar industries, the challenge should be turned into an opportunity from two levels: first, through industrial transformation and upgrading or abandoning polluting industries, instead of developing green industries, it is a choice for local cultivation and development of sustainable long-term core competitiveness and high-end competitive advantages; second, industrial transformation and upgrading and alternative development of green industries are not achieved overnight, and even at an early stage will reduce the rate of economic growth. However, the old road to pollution is dead, there is no way out; firmly promote and develop green industry and high-end industry, there is a future.
For the dialectical relationship between \"protection\" and \"development\" and the boundary between each other, each city needs to grasp the four levels of thinking on the development of the Yangtze economic belt: first, to protect, repair and construct the ecology of the Yangtze River; secondly, to plan green development under the premise of ecological priority, that is, development cannot destroy or interfere with the ecological environment; thirdly, some development can in turn promote ecological construction; finally, ecological construction and green development will force industrial transformation and upgrading, otherwise, it will be eliminated or relocated.