The al-Quds Brigade has command structures in Iraq, Syria, Lebanon, Palestine, Jordan and many countries in Central Asia, Europe and Africa, US intelligence has said. Avshen Ostova, a professor at the Graduate School of the US Naval War Academy, said that Suleimani's strategy in the Middle East, similar to NATO's regional response, was able to move and coordinate large numbers of militias across borders, and that they combined with the local regime system to form a political network that strengthened Tehran's vitality in the US-Iranian game.
The situation in the Middle East was on the brink of war on January 8. Iran's Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps fired \"dozens of missiles\" at the U.S.-based Iraqi Assad air base. Iran said it was retaliating against the assassination of Suleimani. Trump, speaking in the early hours of the morning of January 9, Beijing time, said there were no casualties and small losses at the base because of the precautionary measures and early warning systems. But the US will tighten punitive economic sanctions against Iran.
The starting point of the conflict was the use of missiles by the u. s.to kill iran's top military general, sulemani, mr. trump's argument that he was removed to \"stop the war\" rather than \"start the war\" to thwart further attacks on local americans in the two iraqi regions.
For years, mr sulimani has played a key role in iran's regional strategy for the middle east, despite being far from the public eye. Former cia agents rated him as the most powerful agent in the middle east today, as well as iran's struggle against western forces to promote the gradual expansion of shia and iran throughout the region, the most influential field commander and military strategist.
“Since the beginning of this administration, Suleimani has been in Trump's sights ", a U.S. administration official has revealed the cause of the assassination. "The idea of killing an American civilian contractor was not put into action until December 27, when a rocket attack on an Iraqi military base outside Kirkuk killed him.
Iran's Supreme Leader Ayatollah Ali Khamenei claimed the retaliation was a slap in the face to the United States, but the country's Foreign Ministry said it had no intention of seeking an escalation. The U.S.-Iranian clash is over.
Think back to the beginning of the conflict – Suleimani, why did his death cause such a reaction in Iran? How did he become America's No 1? We combed the Chinese and foreign media reports, trying to restore the rise of a strongman in the Middle East.
Born in 1957 in the village of Rabol in Iran's Kerman province, his parents worked in agriculture and he grew up in religious schools and had been dedicated to receiving sermons from Khomeini disciple Hogat Kamyab, who later became Iran's supreme leader. During the reign of iran's former king, mr. barevi ruled alone, pursuing an iron-fisted policy and promoting, with the support of the u.s. and its allies, a secular, westernized program to get rid of the islamist constraints on iran's development, but his style was extravagant and unpopular. When he was young, Suleimani, to help his father pay his debts, moved to Kerman, where he worked as a mason and a weaver. Iraqi television said,\" all over the bitter Suleimani, the increasingly inclined to advocate the transformation of society with religion Khomeini.\"
The Islamic revolution led by Khomeini erupted in early 1979. The american carter administration angered iranian revolutionaries by accepting the defeated mr barevi, attacking the american embassy in iran, holding hostages and severing diplomatic ties between the united states and iraq. During the revolution, Suleimani joined the \"500-member regiment \"to take on the security work of Khomeini. Under his command, the 500 men's regiment exterminated too many remnants of the Balevi insurgency. The new yorker says mr sulimani has made rapid progress despite limited training. After the success of the revolution, he joined the newly-built Revolutionary Guard, stationed in northwestern Iran, and participated in the suppression of the Kurdish separatist uprising in the western province of Azerbaijan.
In the same year, the Iraqi Saddam government, with the support of the United States and the Soviet Union, invaded Iran and launched a \"war between Iraq and Iraq \". The United States has a special role in the \"Iran-Iraq war,\" where the Reagan administration imposed an arms embargo on Iran on the grounds of Iranian support for terrorism, the New York Times revealed that the Reagan administration had reached a secret agreement with the Khomeini government to allow Israel to sell arms to Iran, stretch the line and check the situation in the Middle East in exchange for Iranian cooperation with Hizbollah in hostage-taking in Lebanon. After the report was issued, it became a hit \"iranian gate incident \".
Al-Monitor wrote that at the time, as Lieutenant Suleimani led the Coleman Revolutionary Guard on the battlefield, responsible for the assembly and training of the soldiers. He was promoted to the rank of Commander of the 41st Taharalah Division, having repeatedly applied for dangerous back-office reconnaissance missions, ascertaining the deployment and helping to recapture the land occupied by Iraq, while leading the Revolutionary Guard in its counter-attack, destroying the enemy forces, and making successive promotions under the age of 30.
“I carried out a 15-day mission, but in the end I held on until the end. We're all young and want to serve the revolution... It's all heroic sacrifice for the better.' Suleimani spoke at a military mobilization meeting. "He was very brave on the battlefield, seriously injured, ran out of the hospital and did not go home, but returned to the battlefield," Iraq's Shiite imam, Al-Sagil, once described.
At the end of the war, Suleimani disagreed with Muhsin Rezai, the commander-in-chief of the Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps who promoted him, and the U.S. think-tank AEI wrote that in a battle to win the island, Suleimani opposed the strategic deployment of a number of senior generals, boldly committed, leapfrogging the report, although the opinion was adopted, the war victory, but also suffered from the suppression of Rezai. Throughout the 1990s, Suleimani was primarily responsible for combating drug smuggling along the Afghan-Iranian border.
It wasn't until 1997 that Suleimani's career took a turn for the better, according to the U.S. media \"Middle East Quarterly,\" which was ousted by President Mohammed Khatami because Commander-in-Chief Rezayi was not tough enough in response to U.S. attack threats. Two years later, Suleimani's appointment as commander of Iran's Revolutionary Guard special forces, the Al-Quds Brigade, sounded the horn of expansion in the Middle East. In the meantime, the standoff between the U.S. and Iraq hasn't been eased, and the Clinton administration passed the Iran Transactions Regulation Act and the Iran Sanctions Act in 1996 to ban large-scale investments in Iran's oil industry.
In the late 1990s, under the leadership of the \"Al-Quds Brigade\" of Suleimani, Iran began a local confrontation with the United States in Iraq, Syria, Lebanon and other parts of the Middle East.
“I've accidentally met Suleimani, and it's a bit of a coincidence that he's not like the guerrilla leader you'd expect, he's very elegant, he's very capable, he's very impressive, he's very professional." Former CIA officer John Maguire recalls.
Zhang Fan, a researcher at the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences, explained that the attack on the U.S. embassy in Baghdad was the trigger for a \"beheading\" by the United States. According to u. s.assessments, the incident was orchestrated and carried out by iraq's shia militia, the \"people's mobilization group \", and behind it was mr. sulimani and his\" al-qaeda brigade \". During the Iraq war, the focus of Suleimani's Al-Quds Brigade began to shift to its penetration of Iraq, Global Network reported.
In 2003, during the iraq war, mr. sulimani eroded american control over iraq by propping up shia political forces and armed groups. The U.S. believes the move killed hundreds of U.S. soldiers during the Iraq war. In 2014, when the Islamic State invaded Iraq, the Al-Quds Brigade turned the Shiite militia into the backbone of the Iraqi regular army – the People's Mobilization Army – to provide arms to Iraqi armed groups, bringing about a radical change in the way Iraq fought. Iraq then won successive victories against the Islamic State, orchestrated by Suleimani. According to the times of israel, some commanders of the shia militia said that mr. suleimani was unusually brave, never wearing a bulletproof vest even on the front line, but wearing a shirt to shuttle through the gunfire.
“He has ideas and ideals and is different from the harshness of ordinary military commanders." Shi'ite imam Sheikh Sagal commented. Suleimani himself went on the battlefield to pay his condolences to the soldiers, leaned forward as he shook hands, or leaned over to kiss the foreheads of the soldiers who crawled on the ground. He (Suleimani) is beloved by the soldiers, who do not regard him as an Iranian officer, but as a jihadist, fighting with them.
In addition to providing assistance to militant groups in the Middle East such as Afghanistan's Shi'ite forces and Lebanon's Hezbollah, Suleimani also played a key role behind some Middle East affairs. After helping Iraq fight back against the Islamic State, Suleimani began to emerge from the shadows and appear in public. From shadow figures to revolutionary symbols of Iran and the region.
“The prophet won the battle because of his faith. Sulaimani in the crowd, white sideburns, deep eyes. With a smile on his face, he dressed in black and talked to the soldiers around him.
Suleimani is one of the staunch supporters of Syrian government Bashar al-Assad in Syria's civil war. Because the Assad government lacks the ability to fight the opposition, he takes over Iran's personal control over the Syrian civil war intervention. In addition to syrian and iranian officers, the commander of hizbullah in lebanon and the coordinator of iraq's shia militia were mobilized, the new yorker reported.
\"Thousands of Al-Quds Brigades and Iraqi Shi'ite militias are all over the country in Syria,\" a Middle East security official, Dexter Firkins, described. Meanwhile, the Huffington Post claimed that in mid-July 2013, Suleimani had travelled to Moscow and met with Putin. The meeting was aimed at promoting a Russian-Iranian coalition in support of the Syrian government and military intervention in Syria. Then Syria's civil war evolved into a battle between Sunnis and Shias and between the US and Russia.
“We owe our victory to Allah and Imam... I kiss your hands, your feet. After the civil war ended, Suleimani appeared on the street to declare victory. His tone grew more impassioned, revealing a confident smile, accompanied by a larger gesture.
Western countries have accused the al-Quds Brigade of orchestrating a number of violent attacks around the world, pushing the United Nations to adopt resolution 1747 to sanction senior Iranian military officials, including Suleimani. In October 2007, the U.S. Treasury Department added the \"Al-Quds Brigade\" to the \"specially designated terrorist list\" and imposed sanctions on some senior officials of the \"Al-Quds Brigade \", including Suleimani.
“If you start a war, it will be us who end it. This war will destroy everything you have. Mr. Sulaimani shouted to U.S. President Donald Trump two months after the United States announced its formal withdrawal from the Iran nuclear deal.
It is five years since the signing of the Iran nuclear agreement, which the BBC reported was signed during Obama's term of office, and whose basic framework is Iran's surrender of nuclear weapons at the expense of national sanctions related to access to nuclear weapons. The Trump administration has no doubt once again inflamed U.S.-Iranian relations by withdrawing from the Iran nuclear agreement and re-starting severe sanctions against Iran on the grounds that it is still secretly developing nuclear weapons.
The Trump administration has called for a new deal to force Iran to stop all its nuclear programs and cut off armed support, such as with Hezbollah in Lebanon, and Iran has rejected U.S. demands to renegotiate the deal. Iranian parliament news agency ICNA said Iran would respond to U.S. oil sanctions by shutting Mr. Hormuz, and Mr. Suleimani later declared support as Iran's number three figure.
In June of the following year, two oil tankers belonging to the Norwegian and Japanese shipping companies were attacked in the Gulf of Oman off the entrance to the Strait of Hormuz, and U.S. Secretary of State Mike Pompeo identified Iran as the black hand. Then, on July 18, U.S. President Donald Trump declared that the fighter had \"destroyed\" an Iranian drone in the Strait of Hormuz in response to the recent seizure by Iran's Revolutionary Guard of a foreign oil tanker smuggling crude in the Persian Gulf. The U.S. and Iraq have had several confrontations in the past few months, and Trump even at one point ordered U.S. forces to prepare for a retaliatory strike against Iranian targets, but cancelled at the last minute.
Since October 2019, protests have erupted in many parts of Iraq, exacerbating social unrest. The links between Iraq and Iraq's domestic protests have made the US-Iranian confrontation more difficult to control and complicated the Gulf situation. The new york times has issued a statement that mr. trump initially vetoed plans to assassinate mr. suleimani, and instead authorized air strikes against iranian-backed shia militias, but a few days later, when he was on television and saw images of the attack on the iranian-led u.s. embassy in iraq, he turned to that extreme option late on january 2nd.
“Suleimani has just completed inspections by forces in Syria, Lebanon and Iraq and is planning an" imminent "attack that could kill hundreds of people. Several senior officials said the next day that a new batch of intelligence warned of serious threats to U.S. embassies, consulates and military personnel in Syria, Iraq and Lebanon. While the intelligence was controversial within the administration at the time, Trump stuck to that decision. In hindsight, Iran's Revolutionary Guard leader Hussein Salami claimed in Coleman:" We're going to have revenge, tough, decisive revenge!"
“He's a monster, you know? But now he is dead. Four days after the incident, Trump was interviewed at the White House in response to an order to attack Suleimanney. "We've killed Suleimani and saved a lot of lives, they've been plotting things, and we've helped a lot of countries."
Now Suleimani has disappeared completely, America has pulled out its nails and Iran has lost an important general. The chaos in the Middle East is more complicated than ever. In a statement in the early hours of January 9, Trump said:'It is in Iran's interest to combat ISIS and hopes to strengthen cooperation between the two sides. Suleimani, who once played with the Islamic State, may be one of the candidates to carry out the bilateral cooperation, but in a situation in which the Islamic State has already been reduced, it is clearly more important for the United States to remove the thorn than to cooperate. Suleimani unfortunately became a definitive option for Trump's extreme decision-making.